Sea salt is a general term that refers to naturally refined salt derived directly from an active sea or ocean. It’s usually harvested during channeling ocean water to large clay pots and allowing the wind and sun to evaporate it away naturally. Unlike table salt, sea salt is believed to be more flavorful and healthier than usual commercial table salt. The benefits of sea salt aren’t limited to those looking for optimal health benefits.
The process used to extract sea salt from sea water goes by many names depending on the country of origin: rock salt, evaporating seawater, marine sulfates, borl nitrate, etc. The process of mining for salt takes place in different ways, but basically, sea salt is either mined from the sea floor or taken from the upper layers of the ocean itself. Each method has its pros and cons, however. Mining for salt requires expensive machinery, more effort than conventional harvesting, and creates high levels of pollution.
One of the main differences between table salt and sea salt is their source. Mineral content is the primary difference between the two. Sea salt comes from waters around the world, while table salt tends to come from inland areas. Sea salt can also be found in a variety of industries, including pharmaceuticals, foods, and beverages. Table salt, on the other hand, is commonly mined from rock formations near rivers and seas. The process of mining for it leaves behind dangerous chemicals and debris that can pose a threat to human health.
Another main difference between sea salts and table salts is their taste. Sea salts are salty and have a pleasant salty taste, often more so than table salts. This is because sea salts consist mostly of sodium chloride, while table salts usually contain potassium and others.
While the process of harvesting the salt from the sea may be unpleasant, the harvesting of the mineral salt itself is not. mined salt is heated at a high temperature, forcing salt crystals to form. This process is known as crystal expansion, which results in the salt becoming less dense. As a result, more of the salt is able to dissolve in water, making it less dense and therefore easier to be harvested.
Salt crystals grow larger as they are exposed to more heat. As a result, more crystals form until there are so many that the fine salt itself becomes too concentrated for use. This does not happen with table salt, because table salt consists of much more minerals than crystal salt. As a result, fine salt does not require the high temperatures used in crystal production. Salt crystals can only dissolve a certain amount of liquid before the crystals are no longer viable. As a result, table salt does not need to be heated to increase its concentration.
In addition to the concentration of minerals, another factor affecting the taste of the fine salt is the texture. The texture is affected by a number of factors, including the concentration of minerals and the rate of evaporation. Evaporated salt does not release its moisture, so the texture is coarse and sandy and not as coarse and sandy as natural sea salt (which has a very fine and uniform texture). As a result, when sea salt and fine sea salt are mixed, the taste is more natural and tends to have a smoother texture.
There are two types of sea salt – coarse sea salt and fine sea salt. Coarse sea salt has a coarse texture and coarse table salt has a finer texture. Evaporated sea salt tends to have a smoother texture and is not as coarse as fine sea salt. As a result, it tends to have a milder taste than fine sea salt but it tends to melt in warm water, making it a great choice for use with cocktails. For baking, use coarse sea salt, and for hot dogs and hamburgers use fine sea salt.